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Space Resources: Lunar Resources vs. Asteroid Mining

Based on our ongoing in-house space resources research, we have evaluated:

Moon and Lunar Resources

‣ The long-term business models; how feasible are operations on the Lunar surface and all the steps involved. Who is part of the supply-chain to the Moon and back?
‣ Who is developing the right technology for the right purpose, e.g. water extraction from regolith or the Moon's South Pole craters,
‣ and the opportunity of when and how to enter this highly complex and lucrative emerging industry - timing is crucial.

To find out more, continue reading below.

Asteroid Mining Prospecting

‣ Which companies are actively pursuing Asteroid Mining, currently we focus on exploration and inspection.
‣ Intercepting Near Earth Objects and extracting resources may be 10 years away.
‣ Detection and tracking are the best current business models.
‣ The reality of mining an asteroid and what needs to be done first.
‣ The status of mission from agencies like NASA, ESA and JAXA.

To find out more, visit our Asteroid Mining information page.

Our In-house Research: Lunar Commercial Rights for Resource Exploration and Extraction

To prepare for future Lunar Mining Investing, we are researching:
‣ The Legal Framework for Lunar Mining.
‣ Of the layers of data available, locatons on the Moon of interest, e.g. that are rich in platinum group metals.
‣ The technology required to explore and extract, that is available, in-development, from agencies and private companies.

Mining the Moon, Lunar Surface Resources Extraction Supply Chain

Space Resources –In-Situ Resource Utilization

1. The Moon’s Commodities: Agencies Lead the Way, Companies Follow-up.
Ongoing research is required to determine how to exactly to extract Oxygen, and potentially Water (from the Lunar South Poles). We are keeping abreast of the developments (e.g. NASA and ESA missions), and focussing on commercial methods of exploration, extraction and processing, coupled with the means for providing transport and energy (solar vs. nuclear). Our focus is on identifying the Supply-Chain of technology and emerging companies that can make this possible.

2. Establishing Commercial Claims on the Lunar Surface.
Predicating any investment in a Lunar Mining Operation, including on-the ground exploration using custom Rovers, or even extraction of Lunar regolith and then subsequent processing, is the establishment of commercial rights. A commercial right to explore, extract and process is required from a legal and investment case point of view. One of our key priorities is to develop a proprietary road map for establish such commercial rights.

Analysis Lunar Data for Mining
Cubesats Lunar Orbit
Earth to Moon Communications Fund
Private Lunar prospecting startups to invest in
Commercial Moon Bases
Invest in Lunar Rovers
Invest lunar resources extraction
Lunar surface 3d-printing regolith
Invest in Cislunar infrastructure

Space Resources: We are focussing on Mining the Moon / Lunar Surface Commercial Operations

Since 2014 Space Ventures Investors has been researching Space Resources business models.
Most of the concepts are understood, but all the different types of technology required to build a value chain (or as we call it, a Strategic Space Value Chain), are not. Therefore, our strategy has been to research the companies that make up the different parts of the value chain.
Recently we have formed a joint venture to facilite a Space Resources economy, the Space Commodities Exchange .
Ultimately, to make Space Resources a reality, it comes down to organising capital into projects that focus on a very specific business cases, such as extracting water from the Moon's south pole, Helium 3 from the regolith, or finding and extracting platinum group metals on the Lunar surface.

In 2018 and again in 2019 Space Ventures Investors is conducting Space Resources Due Diligence. This includes:

‣ Companies pursuing Space Resources, (We will focus on Lunar operations) businesses.
‣ New and imminent opportunities in Space Resources; what to invest in right now.
‣ Modelling the change in supply of commodities from space on earth markets.

For more information get in contact with us.

Free Report: Due Diligence for Investing in Space Resources
We have researched the Business Models for Space Resources and Asteroid Mining

Space Resources: Modelling Business Cases based on Mission Costs and Resource Values

Space Ventures Investors has the developed the framework to model space resources operations such as:

‣ Lunar Surface Mining (see example to the right). The fluctuations in prices of precious and rare earth meals can bring forward the eventuality and affordability of Lunar Surface mining operations, irrespective of long-awaited decreasing launch prices.
‣ Due to the involvement with the Space Commodities Exchange, models have been developed to gauge the market size of trading water (hydrogen, oxygen) in multiple orbits, e.g. low-earth orbit, geo-synchronous orbit, and Cislunar.

Custom models can be tailored to client requests. For more information get in contact with us.

Space Resources

On-Earth Infrastructure

  • Project Funding; Sydnicates of private investors, corporations, governments.
  • Multi-generational Project Management.
  • Corporate structure that out-lives and survives macro-economic events, e.g. depressions, currency wars.
  • Aligning with governments that pro-actively create legislation that is pro-space resources.
  • Finding companies that develop specialised robotics, automation, and analytics that will be used in space resources operations.

In-Space Infrastructure

  • Low-cost launch providers for Deep Space / Near Earth Orbit Missions.
  • Space stations that are transport hubs, storages centres, scientific & commercial facilities (e.g. mineral refining) or a destination, (e.g. a space hotel).
  • Solar installations in space that generate and store energy.
  • Water storage installations that are commercial “pit stops” for transport vessels.
  • Deployable resources extractions operations targeting the Moon, other Planets and Asteroid Mining.

Lunar Surface Mining Process

Lunar Surface Surveying

  • Ongoing study of surface terrain for anomalies.
  • This is a new field of Lunar observation (using low-cost CubeSats or Small Sats with specific hyperspectral equipment) and algorithms to detect targets of interest.

Target Selection

  • What is high value in relation to earth resources? e.g. Platinum group metals.
  • What is high value in relation to resources required in space in line with 3rd party activities in space? e.g. Water.
  • Find multiple high value Targets within easy reach.

Mission Preparation

  • What technology is available, from extraction, refinining, to return to Earth or to an orbiting facility?
  • Budget vs. reality: What is affordable…
  • Joint Venture: Which traditional industries will step up to Space 2.0?

Mission Operation

  • Launch
  • Navigation
  • Extractions: Robotic, autonomous
  • Transportation to Customer

Previous Due Diligence
In April 2016, Space Ventures Investors was approached by a High Net Worth Individual to conduct an evaluation of the business model of a high profile US-based company, code-named “Lunar Co.”, that is planning commercial operations on the moon.

Moon Resources and Lunar Surface Focussed Companies

What Companies are Focussed on Exploring and Commercialising the Moon?
Various companies (some listed below) are involved in developing the technology and processes to partake in Lunar surface operations.
There are also numerous other companies, some listed, that are creating the technology (e.g. CubeSats, launch, communications) required for operation around and on the Moon.
For more information on listed space and aerospace companies, visit Space Stocks.

International Space Resources Focussed Organisations

In-Situ Resource Utilization.
Home of the Space Resources Roundtable.

Colorado School of Mines.
Colorado School of Mines has been a leading institution for the study of space resources and in situ resource utilization (ISRU)

Moon Village Association.
The Moon Village Association is a non-governmental organization (NGO) based in Vienna. Its goal is the creation of a permanent global informal forum for stakeholders like governments, industry, academia and the public interested in the development of the Moon Village.

Space Resources Community.
Space Resources Community Voice: Be Active! You can directly write to your politician and government about the potential of space resources in growing our economies. It is vital to increase investment in space exploration: space resources on the Moon, Asteroids and Mars are obtainable objectives.

The Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group .
On 12 November 2019, the Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group adopted the Building Blocks for the Development of an International Framework on Space Resource Activities.

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs:
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space - see COPUOS.
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies - See Outer Space Treaty.

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